But Russian UN Ambassador Vasily Nebenzya said the resolution was based on "selective and contentious conclusions" about Iran's involvement in the civil war between Yemen's Huthi rebels and the Saudi-backed government and would have had "dangerous, destabilizing ramifications" for the region.
Russian Federation has laid the groundwork for a likely veto on Monday of a British, U.S. and French bid for the United Nations Security Council to call out Iran over its weapons falling into the hands of Yemen's Houthi group. It received 11 votes in favor, two against - Russian Federation and Bolivia - while China and Kazakhstan abstained. Negotiations were continuing on Sunday.
It determined that Iran did not comply with a 2015 United Nations arms embargo on Yemen as it did not take action in preventing the direct or indirect flow of missiles to the Houthis. It comes after Russian Federation vetoed a rival resolution that blamed Iran for fueling the conflict there.
Britain had sought to include in its measure an expression of "particular concern" from the council over a United Nations report that found Iran had violated the 2015 arms embargo on Yemen.
Khoshroo added that Iran rejects the U.S. false claims that Iran handed over weapons to Yemen, emphasizing that those claims are aimed at helping the aggressors.
After the UNSC failed to pass the UK-drafted resolution, Russian Federation proposed its own draft later on Monday, which was subsequently and unequivocally adopted by the UNSC.
A United Nations report in January said Tehran had breached an arms embargo by failing to stop weapons reaching the Huthis.More news: Nokia reveals 5 new phones, and a nice surprise for fans
It will vote on a resolution drafted by Britain in consultation with the United States and France that expresses concern over supply of missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles reaching the Houthi militia.
It also claimed that these missiles were used to launch an attack on neighbouring Saudi Arabia - which along with several Sunni Arab countries - have been fighting against the Houthis since March 2015 when the Kingdom intervened to push back the rebels and reinstate the government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.
Nebenzya traveled to Washington last month to view Iranian missile fragments the Pentagon said it received from Saudi Arabia, which it said proved that the Huthis had used Iranian weapons to attack Riyadh several times a year ago.
"Today, Russia protected the terrorist-sponsoring regime in Iran", said U.S. Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley in a statement after the veto, which suggested that the United States will seek alternatives to UN action.
Iran's foreign ministry spokesman Bahram Ghasemi, said: 'The Islamic Republic of Iran wants an end to the aggression in Yemen by Saudi Arabia.
Houthis have been controlling much of Yemen's north by force, including the capital Sanaa since 2014.
The U.S. has been lobbying for months for Iran to be held accountable at the United Nations for violating an arms embargo on Houthi leaders. In his words, Iran has to take responsibility for its actions. Millions of people are on the brink of starvation and more than 22 million - nearly the entire population - are in need, according to humanitarian agencies.