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According to a U.S. State Department document issued on September 1, 2017, Russian Federation had 501 deployed nuclear delivery means and 1,561 deployed warheads, whereas the United States had 660 deployed nuclear delivery means and 1,393 deployed warheads.

The New START Treaty, which took effect in 2011 after being negotiated by the Obama administration, required both countries to draw down to 1,550 deployed nuclear warheads by February 5, 2018.

Also on Monday, Russia urged the United States to resume dialogue on missile defense.

"Russia confirms its commitment to the New START treaty", the Foreign Ministry said.

New START, officially called Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, reduces deployed nuclear weapons to 700 delivery vehicles and 1,550 warheads. As of February 5, 2018 our aggregate potential is as follows: "527 operational intercontinental ballistic missiles, operational submarine-launched ballistic missiles and operational heavy bombers; 1,444 warheads on operational intercontinental ballistic missiles, operational submarine-launched ballistic missiles and operational heavy bombers; 779 operational and non-deployed ballistic missile launchers, operational and non-deployed submarine-based ballistic missile launchers and operational and non-deployed heavy bombers".

Some earlier reports indicated Trump may not have been well versed in the specifics of the treaty's requirements but was generally opposed to reductions in the American nuclear arsenal.

Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Thomas Shannon left Deputy Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan and Deputy Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette lead a news conference on the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review
US 'needs to upgrade its nukes to eliminate nuclear weapons,' says Defence Sec. Jim Mattis

"Just another bad deal that the country made, whether it's START, whether it's the Iran deal", Trump said at the time.

On the campaign trail and then in his early days in office, President Donald Trump criticized the treaty, which represents the most significant effort at nuclear arms reduction since the original START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) of the George H.W. Bush administration. The new policy calls for expanding USA nuclear capabilities, with an eye on countering Russia's growing nuclear power.

"The Russian federation confirms its adherence to the New START Treaty while insisting that the United States continues a constructive search for mutually acceptable solutions", to "issues that may arise between the parties under the Treaty", it said.

Yet when President Trump called on Congress to "modernize and rebuild our nuclear arsenal" in his State of the Union address last week, he did not mention his administration's rationale: that President Vladimir V. Putin of Russian Federation has accelerated a risky game that the United States must match, even if the price tag soars above $1.2 trillion.

Implementation of the New START Treaty enhances the safety and security of the United States and our allies and makes strategic relations between the United States and the Russian Federation more stable, transparent, and predictable - critically important at a time when trust in the relationship has deteriorated, and the threat of miscalculation and misperception has risen.

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